Apricot is a fairly common crop in the country. When choosing an apricot variety for a plot, gardeners prefer frost-resistant species. This allows you to maintain not only the immunity of the tree, but also the yield indicators. The details of the most frost-resistant apricot varieties will be discussed in this article.
Summary of the article:
Ripens late. It is considered self-fertile and therefore does not require pollinators. It is characterized by excellent harvest indicators. The trees are quite tall, with a branched crown. It needs to be formed annually.
Fruiting is observed 5 years after planting in a permanent place. Up to 60 kg of apricots with an average weight of 35 g each can be harvested from one tree annually.
It has a rounded flattened shape. The rind is yellow-orange and slightly pubescent. The pulp has a sweet taste. The culture can be affected by moniliosis, which is why the gardener must treat the area with fungicides annually.
Bred back in 1947. It has excellent yields and average ripening times. The height is small. The crown has a rounded spreading shape. Red-cheeked easily adapts to negative environmental factors.
The fruit is round or ovoid and has a golden hue with slight pubescence. You can also note the scarlet blush. The pulp is juicy, sweet, with a slight acidity.
The peculiarity of this amateur large-fruited apricot is that it begins to bear fruit as early as 3 years after planting in a permanent place.
One tree can be harvested about 100 kg of juicy fruits with an average weight of each – 50 g. The stone can be easily separated from the pulp. Among the disadvantages should be noted the instability to high humidity and the need for regular maintenance.
Description of the variety:
- tree height – up to 4 m;
- sprawling shape;
- the skin of a medium-sized fruit is yellow with a scarlet blush and slight pubescence;
- loose yellow flesh with a sweet taste;
- withstands temperatures up to -40 ° С.
The height of the tree is small, so harvesting is easy. The peel of rounded apricots is orange. The pulp tastes good. Fruiting occurs 5 years after planting in a permanent place.
The yield indicators are high. About 80 kg of fruit are obtained from one tree.
Apricot hardiness is high; it can be grown even in the northern regions of the country. The height of the tree is no more than 150 cm. It is unpretentious to the composition of the soil, and can grow even on infertile soils.
Among the main advantages of a frost-resistant apricot variety are:
- The elasticity of the fruit. That is why they are distinguished by excellent keeping rates. They can be stored until January.
- Intense skin color. In addition to the main light yellow shade, there is a slight burgundy blush.
- Sweet and aromatic pulp. However, it may have a slight bitterness near the skin.
The disadvantage is that it is not resistant to moniliosis and leaf spot. With abundant autumn and summer precipitation, careful maintenance will be required.
It is recommended to carry out treatments with “Horus” as a prophylaxis against dangerous diseases.
According to gardeners, it is distinguished by excellent frost resistance, it can withstand frosts down to -50 ° C. Therefore, it is often found in the Urals and Siberia. Flower buds can survive frosts down to -40 ° C. It can be noted that the fruit is not afraid of the return of spring frosts.
The height of the tree is about 4 m. The fruits are oval in shape, and their weight is about 30 g. The culture ripens in the second half of August.
It is characterized by medium frost resistance. Despite this, it can be grown in Siberian conditions. The trees are quite tall and have a spreading crown. The culture begins to bear fruit in 4 years after planting in a permanent place.
In the first few years, yields are low, only 30-40 kg per tree. However, 10 years after planting, at least 50 kg of the crop is harvested from each tree.
It has little resistance to disease, which is why it is required to carry out regular treatments. Frost resistance reaches -40 ° С.
Bred by Crimean breeders. The height of the tree is about 4 m. It is characterized by a rapid rate of development of shoots. This is why annual pruning is required. Pineapple apricot is self-fertile, so no additional pollinators are required.
Fruiting is observed 4 years after planting in a permanent place. The average weight of one fruit is about 40 g. Ripe apricots have a pale lemon hue.
Gardeners are trying to plant an apricot on the site, since it is characterized by a good harvest and winter hardiness. Trees are resistant not only to frost, but also to the scorching sun. The height of the tree reaches 5 m. The crown is paniculate, spreading.
The fruits are yellow in color, with a light fruity aroma and an average weight of about 30 g. The flesh is pleasant to the taste, with a slight sourness. Harvesting takes place in early August. At least 60 kg of apricots are obtained from one tree. This variety is able to withstand frosts down to -30 ° C.
The beginning of fruiting is observed 4 years after planting in a permanent place. The culture is resistant not only to frost, but also to drought. Yield indicators are small. Edelweiss is a self-pollinated species and therefore does not need pollinators.
The pulp is juicy. The skin is characterized by a rich yellow tint. This variety is suitable for long-term storage without losing taste.
The disadvantage of Edelweiss is that the trees need to be pruned constantly.
As you can see, there are a large number of winter-hardy apricot varieties for the Moscow region. Therefore, it will not be difficult for you to choose a variety that can be planted in the northern regions of the country with harsh winters.