popular types of orchids, their names and photos, description and maintenance at home

Orchids are very popular with flower growers. Plants are distinguished from other indoor flowers by their beautiful flowers, which have various shapes and bright colors. An orchid, with proper care, can delight with its flowering for quite a long time. What are the types of orchids, and the conditions for their maintenance are discussed below.

Summary of the article:


Wanda is considered the queen of all orchid species.

This flower, thanks to the efforts of breeders, has a wide range of colors. Wanda has bright large flowers of orange, blue, red speckled.

The flower’s habitat is Australia, Indonesia and hot Asian countries.

Under favorable conditions, the plant blooms several times a year, and flowering can last up to two months. Growth requires bright light, fresh air and periodic soaking of the substrate.

Wanda has thick aerial roots that do not have to be buried in the ground – they can be left on the surface of the substrate.


The miltonia plant differs from other types of orchids in that its flowers are very similar to pansies.

This type of orchid is native to Brazil and Argentina.

Miltonia is a capricious plant, therefore it is not recommended for novice growers. The flower does not like direct sunlight, does not tolerate drafts and strong temperature changes.

In summer, it requires abundant watering, in winter, on the contrary, it is rarely watered. With proper care, the orchid blooms with flowers that have a pleasant aroma.


Dendbrobium is one of the most common orchids in the world. It can be found in almost any houseplant store. The flower grows in its natural environment in Vietnam, the Himalayas, Indonesia and China.

Dendbrobium is an epiphyte, that is, it grows while on another plant. Despite this, it is also possible to find the flower on the rocks and the ground. Therefore, the orchid should be kept in pots with transparent walls.

The plant is unpretentious, even an inexperienced florist can handle care and reproduction.

Dendrobium needs sunlight, but does not tolerate direct rays. It is watered as the substrate dries, preventing stagnation of water in the pan.

Lady’s slipper (Paphiopedilum)

The papiopedilum orchid, or, as it is also called, the lady’s slipper, grows in nature in the tropical forests and rocky terrain of Nepal, New Guinea, India, China, Malaysia. The plant got this name because of the shape of the flower, similar to a woman’s shoe.

The plant is quite capricious, so only an experienced florist can produce cultivation and reproduction at home. But having read in more detail the description of the plant, the photo and the name, it is quite possible to achieve the flowering of papiopedilum.

The flowering period lasts up to 6 months, but for the first time an orchid is able to give flowers from a photo only for 6-7 years. During this period, the plant should spill immediately when the top layer of the soil dries up, during the rest period – when the substrate is completely dry.

The plant needs high air humidity, the obligatory temperature drop and the duration of daylight hours at least 12 hours.


Cattleya is an epiphytic plant that grows mainly in South and Central America. The plant has large flowers with corrugated edges of incredible colors from white to dark purple.

Cattleya is capricious in her care. To create favorable conditions for it, moderate watering, humid air and diffused light are required.

The roots are very sensitive to waterlogging of the substrate, therefore, the water in the pot should not be allowed to stagnate.


Oncidium is also in high demand among buyers. This type of orchid grows naturally in the southern regions of America.

The plant has small flowers similar to butterflies.

In comfortable conditions, it can bloom every 6-12 months. Indoor oncidium is easy to grow, it is not picky about care.

Loves diffused sunlight, watering is done as the substrate dries. The roots of the plant are thin, do not tolerate waterlogging of the soil, as they can rot.


Cambria is an orchid that cannot be found in nature. It was specially bred by breeders by mixing several varieties of flowers.

The way the orchid looks was achieved by crossing miltassia, brassia, odontoglossum, miltonia, beallara. Photos with the names and descriptions of plants can be seen on the Internet.

Since cambria was bred by breeders specifically for breeding in apartments, it is completely unpretentious in care.

The plant feels favorably in a well-ventilated room with diffused bright light at normal air humidity.

The flower requires abundant watering during flowering, in other cases it is better to dry cambria than to pour. The plant has fragrant flowers of bright colors with various patterns and blotches. Cumbria should be kept in an opaque pot.


Cymbium is one of the most beautiful orchids. The flower is a terrestrial plant that grows mainly in the tropical forests of South and Southeast Asia, Australia, Japan.

It is quite difficult to achieve comfortable conditions for the plant. Growing cymbidium requires bright lighting, but without direct sunlight on the leaves. In winter, phytolamp illumination will be required as additional lighting.

The substrate should always be slightly damp, but never dry. The room temperature is 16-20 degrees with obligatory daily variations.

The flowering period depends on the type of orchid. Yellow, green, pink, cream flowers can bloom for up to 10 weeks, while emitting a pleasant aroma.


Ludisia is one of the most common orchids among florists. This plant is also called the “precious orchid”. It is a terrestrial plant that can be found in Vietnam, Malaysia, Thailand and the tropics of China.

The plant stands out from the rest of the flowers with its leaves. Olive and dark green leaves have silvery or gold veins. The flowers are inconspicuous: small and white.

The plant feels comfortable in the shade, does not tolerate direct sunlight, as burns quickly form on the leaves. Watered as needed. The roots are prone to decay, but complete drying of the soil should also not be allowed.


Phalaenopsis is a favorite among plant lovers. It is distinguished by its picky character and the beauty of flowers of various colors. Phalaenopsis is native to the Philippines, Southeast Asia and Australia.

It can bloom at any time of the year, flowering duration is 2-6 months. The flowers resemble butterflies.

The plant is easy to grow at home. It loves diffused light, temperate or humid climates, tolerates high and low air temperatures. Watering is carried out carefully, since the root system has a predisposition to rapid decay.


The brassia orchid has a very original look, as its flowers are similar to tropical spiders. In the wild, the plant grows in the rainforests of America.

Brassia is an unpretentious flower, and an inexperienced florist can also take care of them. The plant requires diffused lighting and humid air. For additional humidification of the air, a vessel with water can be placed next to the plant.

In winter, the plant should be kept away from heating appliances.

Brassia is capable of blooming at any time, regardless of the season. The irregularly shaped flowers have a strong vanilla aroma.

For epiphytes, that is, orchids that grow on other plants, light is very important. Therefore…