The veranda is considered an excellent option for an extension to the house. It allows you to expand the living space and make it more comfortable. It can be of different types, each of which has its own characteristics.
Summary of the article:
Purpose of the veranda
According to existing regulations, a veranda is considered an unheated, glazed and closed type of extension. By the type of connection with the house, extensions are built-in, attached and built-in-attached.
When a veranda is made open and without glazing, it is considered a terrace.
When communications are carried out into such a room, a billiard room, kitchen or boiler room is equipped, then such a room is considered auxiliary.
If there is also heating in it, then it will belong to the category of residential premises.
The veranda attached to the house usually serves:
- a place of rest at a comfortable time of the year;
- dining area;
- winter garden;
In this place, cabinets, closed-type shelves, cabinets and shelves are sometimes installed for storing all kinds of household items, accessories that are not afraid of the winter cold.
Choice of materials
Planning a veranda in a private house begins with the development of a project. It will become the basis and base when choosing the right materials.
The construction of a closed veranda in a private house, like all construction work, begins with the construction of the foundation.
Such an extension needs a separate foundation, which is associated with the base of the structure or independent.
If the house is built on solid ground, it is recommended to make a rigid bond with the foundation. We are talking about fragmented or rocky soil – they are especially durable and do not settle at home.
Types of foundations such as prefabricated tapes, monolithic slabs, pile and screw foundations do not bind together.
In order to choose the right type of foundation, it is worth finding out what material the walls will be made of. It can be made from the same material or you can choose one that is lighter than the foundation of the house.
Typically, such construction will require: brick, foam block, cinder block, metal pipes or PVC, boards, sand, crushed stone, cement, gravel, roofing felt and reinforcement. In addition, you will need nails, ropes, stakes and wire.
The walls of the veranda attached to the house may be of the same material that went into the construction of the main building. Otherwise, the soil under the extension may sag strongly, and this will adversely affect the condition of the structure. Masonry can be made of bricks (including lightweight ones), natural or ceramic stones, from cellular or artificial lightweight concrete blocks.
Sometimes different materials are used and the masonry is mixed.
Frame verandas are distinguished by their versatility – they are suitable for buildings of any type. The walls were later sheathed with façade panels, choosing a structure suitable for the material of the main building.
Such panels imitate:
- a rock;
It is important not to rigidly attach the walls to the house – you should leave a small gap for draft. To exclude drafts, it is filled with any insulation, and a decorative overlay is made on top.
The roof structure is different – it all depends on the architectural style of the house. Later, during a major overhaul, they can be combined and made common.
An independent roof can be pitched. At the same time, there is no rigid fixation to the facade, which is usually done using a rafter system.
Only a protective apron can be rigidly attached. He is led in a groove, previously made in the facade.
A canopy that has a support on the facade is unacceptable – so the rafter system will be rigidly attached to the walls of the veranda, and they will begin to settle over time.
You can also choose a roof:
A prerequisite is that it must be in a truncated form. The winter veranda to the house is made with a roof made of ceramic or metal tiles, ondulin, slate, corrugated board, polycarbonate.
For summer verandas, the best solution is glass, colored or transparent plastic.
Warming of the veranda
The veranda in the house is an unheated room, and therefore insulation of all components in contact with air and ground will be required. This will create comfortable conditions inside and significantly increase the period of use of the extension.
Portable electric heaters can be used to keep the veranda residential when the cold comes.
Veranda insulation materials may be similar to those used for the main structure:
- for the foundation – extruded polystyrene foam;
- for the floor – penoplex;
- for walls – thermal panels, mineral wool;
- for the roof – mineral wool, waterproofing membrane.
Styles and features of each
There are different styles of verandas and terraces attached to the house. These are: modern and traditional, beach and colonial, rustic style.
Minimalism and comfort are inherent in modern style. It assumes laconic lines, severity of forms, simplicity. Style gives coziness, provides comfort. Furniture for decoration should be simple and practical at the same time. There is no decor or it is present in a minimal amount. Usually, the decorative mission is performed by functional items – lamps, stands, tables. Stone, metal, PVC and composites are suitable for the construction of such a veranda.
Decor plays an important role in traditional interiors. It can be hand-made patterned forging, balusters, baseboards of different configurations. In this case, the supports are replaced by columns, which can be either round or hexagonal. In the construction of the veranda attached to the house, stone and wood are used, which has a beautiful pattern. For example, mahogany or cedar. This approach gives the room coziness and it serves for a long time.
The colonial style combines the motives of classical architecture with colorful elements in the most successful way. Such a design is always practical, comfortable, it is associated with beauty and symmetry. The interior involves decorating with flowers. It has many elements of architecture that were borrowed from the former colonial countries. So, for example, it can be a bench of an original shape and design, or a pergola, railings with balusters.
Beachfront or coastal veranda style is suitable for homes built on the seaside or pond. Here, any building should harmoniously fit into the surrounding landscapes. If possible, a closed annex should be overlooking the water.
A house in the village involves the construction of a veranda made of wood and its design in the appropriate style – with woven paths, embroidered curtains, a samovar and clay pots, simple and comfortable furniture.
The construction of each object begins with planning, development of a project estimate. To begin with, it is important to determine for what purposes this room will be adapted and from what materials it will be built. So, the block extension assumes one project, and the metal veranda is completely different.
If the extension is to be used as a summer kitchen, then in the project it is important to provide space for the stove and barbecue. It will be more complex and costly, as for a winter veranda, which requires special insulation and the organization of the heating system.
There are simpler projects – extensions without a foundation, when several supports from a bar are dug or concreted into the ground, and the roof is made of corrugated board. Here you can just take shelter from the heat or rain, drink tea, read a book, soak up the rocking chair.
More complex are those projects that combine the house and the veranda under a single roof. Also, the project depends on the type of building and the area on which it will be built.
You can see the options for verandas in the photo.