We have selected for you 6 spectacular shrubs with raspberry, crimson, purple foliage that can become a decoration of an autumn garden. When is it better to plant them and how to care for them – read the article.
Shrubs with such foliage make the garden elegant and unique.
Irga Lamarckii (Amelanchier Lamarckii)
Irga Lamarck (A. Lamarckii) is a large hardy shrub of the Rosaceae family that came to Europe from North America. Most often it grows in the form of a bush or multi-stemmed tree from 2 to 6 m high, forms a beautiful, umbrella-like crown. The leaves of the irgi are small, dense, oval in shape, the fruits look like small apples collected in a cluster.
Although Irga Lamarca is a fruit plant, it is grown mainly for decorative purposes. The shrub looks spectacular during flowering in May and at the end of June, when purple-violet berries ripen.
Irgi fruits are sweet, taste like blueberries
But the real benefit of the plant comes in the fall. It is impossible to count all the shades found in its crown: golden-yellow colors turn into salmon-orange and copper-red tones, malachite green is adjacent to purple highlights. A bright bonfire blazes in the rays of the autumn sun until the very frost, until the foliage falls off, exposing the compact thin-branched crown on slender stems.
In all you, darling, outfits are good – irga in the fall
In the garden, Irga prefers sunny and semi-shady places with loose, slightly sandy soil, will grow well on slightly acidic soils. One of its main advantages is the ability to easily endure even severe frosts (up to -30 ° С).
You can plant a shrub in spring and autumn. Before planting, apply humus or complex mineral fertilizer to the soil to provide the seedling with a quick start. Do the same every spring, and this will be enough for good growth and abundant fruiting of the crop.
Irga care is minimal. It should be watered only during periods of extreme heat or prolonged drought. Her crown is of the correct shape, so the shrub does not need to be cut, sanitary cleaning is enough.
In the garden, irgu Lamarck is used as a tapeworm or in plant compositions with other trees and shrubs. It can also be grown on a trellis, using for garden zoning.
Winged euonymus Compactus (Euonymus alatus Compactus)
The winged euonymus (E. alatus) of the compactus variety is called the king of the autumn garden for a reason. He has such an amazing purple-crimson color that it seems as if the bush is illuminated from the inside.
The plant is a highly branched deciduous shrub with a compact domed crown. In height it rises up to 1.5 m, in width – up to 2 m. Unlike the species form, it grows slowly, which is also a plus, especially for small gardens. The plant blooms in early summer with small, inconspicuous flowers hidden in a dense crown of dense green leaves.
Even if this shrub was unremarkable during the rest of the year, it would still be worth planting just because of the fall foliage.
The stalks of the bush also attract attention. Sharp cork ribs are located along each shoot, giving the branches a tetrahedral shape and an unusual “winged” appearance. Thanks to this, it looks spectacular in winter and early spring, until the foliage blooms.
Tetrahedral branches, for which the euonymus received the specific name “winged”
The “compactus” variety will perform better in a sunny place with loose fertile soil. It can grow in the shade, but then the autumn foliage will not be so bright. The plant is planted in spring and autumn. When planting in autumn, cover the root zone with a layer of compost or peat – this way the bush will winter better. The rooted shrub is winter-hardy in the conditions of the Kaliningrad region and does not need shelter.
The weak point of the winged spindle tree is the superficial root system, which is sensitive to excessive compaction, drying out and waterlogging of the soil. To prevent this, we recommend covering the ground around the trunk or making decorative dumping. For good growth, the shrub needs annual spring feeding with full fertilizer.
In the garden, euonymus is planted in the most conspicuous place – on the lawn, in the front garden, at the entrance to the house. It makes great trimmed hedges and curbs. The bush on the alpine slide looks spectacular, giving it a Japanese flavor.
Winged spindle tree – a bright decoration of the autumn garden
Note that B. winged “compactus” has poisonous fruits. Therefore, be careful with planting it if you have small children.
Barberry Thunberg “Green Carpet” (Berberis Thunbergii Green Carpet)
Because of the flattened cushion-shaped crown, the “green carpet” variety of Thunberg’s barberry was named a carpet bush (green carpet is translated from English as “green carpet”). Indeed, it rarely rises above 60–80 cm, but it can grow up to 1.5 m wide. Isn’t it a rug?
Like a specific shrub, it is decorated with thin arcuate shoots, literally covered with fine, graceful foliage. It is decorative throughout the season, but is especially beautiful in the fall, when it becomes scarlet red and orange.
Autumn outfit of the barberry Thunberg variety “green carpet”
In November, the leaves fall off, but red berries remain on the bush, adorning it throughout the winter.
Green Carpet will thrive on normal garden soil in a sunny or slightly shaded area. He does not need enhanced nutrition, but if you feed the bush with full fertilizer in the spring, it will look much better. A strong branched root system increases the plant’s resistance to drought and frost.
The plant can be cut, but the bushes look more impressive in free growth. B. Thunberg’s “green carpet” is beautiful in borders, on alpine hills, as a lower tier in compositions with trees and tall shrubs, exposing the bottom.
Flowering dogwood (Cornus florida)
Flowering dogwood (C. florida) is a deciduous tree or shrub 4–6 m high with a wide spreading crown on thin slender stems. The plant’s homeland is the eastern parts of North America, where it grows on forest edges.
This type of turf has two decorative peaks. In early spring, it blooms very beautifully: a cluster of small greenish-yellow flowers is surrounded by four large petals-bracts (bracts) of white or pink hue.
Blooming C. florida is a delightful sight
Blooming dogwood looks no less impressive in autumn. Its foliage takes on such a bright crimson color that it seems like a fire is burning in the garden. In winter, red berries serve as an additional decoration – inedible for people, but very loved by birds.
Blossoming Deren’s Autumn Outfit
Although the tree is rare in our gardens, it is not difficult to grow it. The plant loves the sun, but not the sun. A place where it will be well lit in the morning and slightly shaded at noon will suit him. The dogwood soil prefers fertile, moisture-permeable, acidic pH. The first year after planting needs regular watering, then we water it only in case of prolonged drought.
In the Kaliningrad region, the shrub is winter-hardy, but since it has a superficial root system, it is better to mulch the trunk circle of young plants for the winter. The optimal planting time is spring.
During the flowering of dogwoods, Florida goes well with rhododendrons and azaleas. Formed in the form of a tree, it looks beautiful by the reservoir, on the lawn, and will decorate the patio.
Beautiful Bodinieri, or Callicarpa Bodinieri
The yellow palette of the garden can be painted not only with crimson, but also with purple colors. This is the impression that the beautiful Baudiniere, or Baudiniere callicarpa, produces, thanks to the numerous clusters of berries of a rich purple hue.
It looks like a beautiful Bodiniere in September
Krasicoparpnik is an upright deciduous shrub from Western China, which grows in our country from 1.5 to 3 m. The pubescent shoots are decorated with long pointed leaves of dark green color, and from June – with small purple flowers.
During the summer, it does not generate much interest, so it is usually planted in the background of mixborders. The shrub appears in all its glory from mid-September, when berries, small as pearls, acquire a purple-violet hue. They are collected in clusters of 30–40 pieces and remain on the bush even after the leaves fall, sometimes staying until midwinter.
The beautiful Bodiniera is a decoration not only for the autumn, but also for the winter garden
In the garden, select a sunny, cozy place protected from the wind for a beautiful fruit. The soil needs to be rich in humus, well-drained and not too heavy. At a young age, the shoots of the beautiful fruit can freeze slightly, so the first time after planting it is better to cover it for the winter.
A beautiful fruit is a cross-pollinated crop, therefore, for abundant fruiting in the garden, you need to plant at least two plants. The varieties Profusion, Leococarpa, Lilac Pearl are considered the best for our climate.
Japanese scarlet (Cercidiphyllum japonicum)
Our selection would not be complete without one of the best plants for autumn, the Japanese scarlet (C. japonicum), whose name speaks for itself. It grows in the form of a small multi-stemmed tree or large shrub, has several decorative forms, including a weeping crown.
But gardeners appreciate it not only for its bright autumn color. It was during this period that the falling foliage begins to exude an amazing aroma of cinnamon and caramel, for which the plant received the name “gingerbread tree”. Wet leaves are especially intense. By planting it near a gazebo or placing a garden bench next to it, you will get a great place to relax in the autumn garden.
Beautiful and fragrant Japanese scarlet
The autumn color of B. japonica depends on its location and soil. The more sun the plant receives, and the more fertile and acidic the soil (the optimum pH is 5.5–6 units), the more crimson and raspberry smears in the foliage.
The optimal time for planting shrubs is spring, but you can plant them in autumn, as long as the soil is not frozen. Fill the planting hole with a nutrient mixture based on garden soil, compost and mineral fertilizers to give the seedling a good start right away. Over the years, the tree becomes sprawling, so immediately provide a place for the crown to grow.
Caring for the purple rose consists in spring feeding with full fertilization and timely watering, since it does not like drying out of the soil.
Ideal planting sites are near a pond, in a corner of a Japanese-style garden, in a front garden. The main thing is that it is clearly visible and you can admire it.
The last wish applies not only to the scarlet, but also to the rest of the shrubs from this collection. Their beauty is vivid but short-lived. Have time to enjoy it.